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سه شنبه 25 تير 1392 :: نويسنده : Admin

 

SIMPLE PAST

 

1. Simple Past: Form

Regular verbsbase (فرم اصلی فعل)+ed
e.g. walked, showed, watched, played, smiled, stopped

Irregular verbs

Simple past, be, have, do:

Subject

Verb

Be

Have

Do

I

was

had

did

You

were

had

did

He, she, it

was

had

did

We

were

had

did

You

were

had

did

They

were

had

did

Affirmative( جمله مثبت خبری) 

  • was in Japan last year
  • She had a headache yesterday.
  • We did our homework last night.

Negative and interrogative  (جمله منفی و پرسشی)

 

  • They weren't in Rio last summer.
  • We didn't have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.
  • We didn't do our exercises this morning.
  • Were they in Iceland last January?
  • Did you have a bicycle when you were a boy?
  • Did you do much climbing in Switzerland?

Simple past, regular verbs

Affirmative

Subject

verb + ed

 

I

washed

 

Negative

Subject

did not

infinitive without to

They

didn't

visit ...

Interrogative

Did

subject

infinitive without to

Did

she

arrive...?

Interrogative negative

Did not

subject

infinitive without to

Didn't

you

like..?

Example: to walk, simple past.

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I walked

I didn't walk

Did I walk?

You walked

You didn't walk

Did you walk?

He,she,it walked

He didn't walk

Did he walk?

We walked

We didn't walk

Did we walk?

You walked

You didn't walk

Did you walk?

They walked

They didn't walk

Did they walk?

Note: For the negative and interrogative form of all verbs in the simple past, always use the auxiliary 'did''.

Examples: Simple past, irregular verbs

to go

  • He went to a club last night.
  • Did he go to the cinema last night?
  • He didn't go to bed early last night.

to give

  • We gave her a doll for her birthday.
  • They didn't give John their new address.
  • Did Barry give you my passport?

to come

  • My parents came to visit me last July.
  • We didn't come because it was raining.
  • Did he come to your party last week?

2. Simple past, function

The simple past is used to talk about a completed action in a timebefore now. Duration is not important. The time of the action can be in the recent past or the distant past.

زمان گذشته ساده برای صحبت کردن درباره کار کامل شده و انجام شده در زمان قبل از الان استفاده می شود.طول انجام کار مهم نیست. زمان انجام کار می تواند گذشته نزدیک یا دور باشد .


  • John Cabot sailed to America in 1498.
  • My father died last year.
  • He lived in Fiji in 1976.
  • We crossed the Channel yesterday.

You always use the simple past when you say when something happened, so it is associated with certain past time expressions

هرگاه می خواهید درباره انجام کاری در زمان گذشته صحبت کنید باید درباره زمان اتفاق افتادن ان هم بگوید می توانید از عبارات زیر استفاده کنید

Examples

  • frequency:
    often, sometimes, always;
  • a definite point in time:
    last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago.
  • an indefinite point in time:
    the other day, ages ago, a long time ago etc.

Examples

  • Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
  • She finished her work at seven o'clock.
  • We saw a good film last week.
  • went to the theatre last night.
  • She played the piano when she was a child.
  • He sent me a letter six months ago.
  • Peter left five minutes ago.

 

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